Infertility is common — 1 in 8 couples have trouble getting pregnant or staying pregnant at some point during their childbearing years (1). Generally, infertility is defined as an inability to to get pregnant, despite having frequent, unprotected sex for 12 months (6 months if you’re 35 or older), and also includes couples who may be able to conceive but cannot carry a pregnancy to term (2).
For a couple to have a child, the following things need to happen (2):
Issues with any of the steps above can cause infertility. Fortunately, infertility doesn’t necessarily mean that a couple can’t get pregnant. There are many effective therapies, ranging from lifestyle changes to assisted reproductive therapies (ART), that can improve a couple’s chances of getting pregnant (3). Here, we’ll go through some of the top questions about infertility and provide our free resources that dig even deeper into dealing with infertility.
Knowledge fuels the empowered. Read more about infertility in our blogs below. We do the research so you don't have to.
Dunson, D. B., Baird, D. D., Wilcox, A. J., & Weinberg, C. R. (1999). Day-specific probabilities of clinical pregnancy based on two studies with imperfect measures of ovulation. Human reproduction (Oxford, England), 14(7), 1835–1839.
Smith, J. F., Eisenberg, M. L., Millstein, S. G., Nachtigall, R. D., Sadetsky, N., Cedars, M. I., Katz, P. P., & Infertility Outcomes Program Project Group (2011). Fertility treatments and outcomes among couples seeking fertility care: data from a prospective fertility cohort in the United States. Fertility and sterility, 95(1), 79–84.
Small, C. M., Manatunga, A. K., Klein, M., Dominguez, C. E., Feigelson, H. S., McChesney, R., & Marcus, M. (2010). Menstrual cycle variability and the likelihood of achieving pregnancy. Reviews on environmental health, 25(4), 369–378.
Barbieri, Robert L., Domar, Alice D., Loughlin, Kevin R. (2000). Making fertility-friendly lifestyle choices. Adapted from Six Steps to Increased Fertility: An Integrated Medical and Mind/Body Program to Promote Conception. Harvard Health Publishing.
Rosety, M. Á., Díaz, A. J., Rosety, J. M., Pery, M. T., Brenes-Martín, F., Bernardi, M., García, N., Rosety-Rodríguez, M., Ordoñez, F. J., & Rosety, I. (2017). Exercise improved semen quality and reproductive hormone levels in sedentary obese adults. Nutricion hospitalaria, 34(3), 603–607.
Salas-Huetos, A., Bulló, M., & Salas-Salvadó, J. (2017). Dietary patterns, foods and nutrients in male fertility parameters and fecundability: a systematic review of observational studies. Human reproduction update, 23(4), 371–389.
De Croo, I., Van der Elst, J., Everaert, K., De Sutter, P., & Dhont, M. (2000). Fertilization, pregnancy and embryo implantation rates after ICSI in cases of obstructive and non-obstructive azoospermia. Human reproduction, 15(6), 1383-1388.
Mejia, R. B., Summers, K. M., Kresowik, J. D., & Van Voorhis, B. J. (2019). A randomized controlled trial of combination letrozole and clomiphene citrate or letrozole alone for ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertility and sterility, 111(3), 571–578.e1.